Within the business world, there was a visible trend that emerged over the last century. The heads of corporations came to realize that they could expand into other nations and achieve even bigger profit margins than before. Thus, the multinational business was created.
The officeholders in businesses of this ilk seem to go about things as though their multi-country status in and of itself is irrelevant. Their sales, divided among many different currencies, are treated as if they were all acquired in the same money. An international conference call is a daily occurrence and comes about just as conveniently as if the participants all were denizens of one nation. Part of a large company’s operation can be located entirely in one nation, and another part in a distinct nation in another geographical location entirely, as if these countries were just parts of the same sizable state. Marketing merchandise primarily in specific countries is no different for them than targeting segments of a single country’s public. Such businesses see no borders or boundaries dividing countries, and only one big market to make use of.
Some might say that such companies’ actions are completely defensible. Optimizing profits, something that every business strives for, can conveniently be achieved with this type of setup. The point can be made that with goods offered to different peoples, their lifestyles will converge and they will be able to more easily relate to each other in the future. Having big companies’ products offered in many countries may, according to advocates, also help keep smaller one-country businesses perpetually competitive, aiding the consumer.
Some countries are predisposed to being exploited by these companies, say opponents. The cheaper labor often employable in third-world economies is taken advantage of, and the goods end up being marketed mainly to people in other countries that are a lot wealthier. People in the poorer nations are left with enough to get by and little financial leeway, and there are now a great deal fewer jobs for developed countries’ laborers. The massive amount of capital they have to work with can also lead to their influencing of policy in their favor and buying out local competition.
We live in a reality in which one particular business entity can end up with people the world over as its potential customer base, and can turn out goods or services from spots of its choosing. It could be in the heads of executives on their conference calls that their work is for the enhancement of society, and a number of buyers might strongly disagree with that take on matters. With these businesses’ methods in play, various cultures can be brought closer to one another by using the same items to enrich their lives, and smaller businesses will be forced to always be on their toes and deliver products competitively, defenders say. Those critical of such businesses say that many exploit countries and/or try to eliminate competitors with use of their checkbooks. One thing is a given, though: these types of companies are a fact of life in the modern age, and will not be disappearing anytime in the near future.